Gestational Diabetes – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

This book summarizes several aspects of GD, which is caused by not well-understood multifactorial mechanisms. Common strategies seem to be key in the understanding of the syndrome, i.e., endothelial dysfunction and the role of other placenta cells such as trophoblasts. It is a book that will definitively help to increase the knowledge-based management of GD for the well being of the mother and the fetus. Several chapters lead us to the conclusion that pre-pregnancy and antenatal screening of women is required, something that will improve the management and outcome of a current pregnancy but will also optimize life-long health and well being considering the inter-generational consequences.


Screening and Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Evidence Report/Technology Assessment Number 210

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance first discovered in pregnancy. Pregestational diabetes mellitus refers to any type of diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy. Pregnant women with pregestational diabetes experience an increased risk of poor maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes. The extent to which GDM predicts adverse outcomes for mother, fetus, and neonate is less clear. Depending on the diagnostic criteria used and the population screened, the prevalence of GDM ranges from 1.1 to 25.5 percent of pregnancies in the United States. The incidence of GDM has increased over the past decades in parallel with the increase in rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and this trend is expected to continue. It is unclear how much the increase in obesity will affect the proportion of women diagnosed with overt diabetes during pregnancy versus transient pregnancy-induced glucose intolerance. GDM is usually diagnosed after 20 weeks’ gestation when placental hormones that have the opposite effect of insulin on glucose metabolism increase substantially. Women with adequate insulin secreting capacity overcome this insulin resistance of pregnancy by secreting more endogenous insulin to maintain normal blood glucose. Women with less adequate pancreatic reserve are unable to produce sufficient insulin to overcome the increase in insulin resistance, and glucose intolerance results. Glucose abnormalities in women with GDM usually resolve postpartum, but commonly recur in subsequent pregnancies. Women with GDM have an increased risk of future development of overt diabetes. The cumulative incidence of diabetes after a diagnosis of GDM varies widely depending on maternal body mass index (BMI), ethnicity, and time since index pregnancy, and it may reach levels as high as 60 percent. When glucose abnormalities persist postpartum in a woman with GDM, her diabetes is recategorized as overt diabetes. When this occurs, the likelihood that this woman had pregestational (i.e., overt) diabetes increases, especially if the diagnosis of GDM occurred before 20 weeks’ gestation and glucose levels were markedly elevated in pregnancy. Based on systematic reviews published in 2003 and 2008, the USPSTF concluded that there was insufficient evidence upon which to make a recommendation regarding routine screening of all pregnant women for GDM. The primary aims of this review were to (1) identify the test properties of screening and diagnostic tests for GDM, (2) evaluate the potential benefits and harms of screening at greater than or equal to 24 weeks and less than 24 weeks’ gestation, (3) assess the effects of different screening and diagnostic thresholds on outcomes for mothers and their offspring, and (4) determine the effects of treatment in modifying outcomes for women diagnosed with GDM. The benefits and harms of treatments were considered in this review to determine the downstream effects of screening on health outcomes. The intent of this review was also to assess whether evidence gaps in the previous USPSTF reviews have been filled. Key questions include: Key Question 1: What are the sensitivities, specificities, reliabilities, and yields of current screening tests for GDM? (a) After 24 weeks’ gestation? (b) During the first trimester and up to 24 weeks’ gestation? Key Question 2: What is the direct evidence on the benefits and harms of screening women (before and after 24 weeks’ gestation) for GDM to reduce maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality? Key Question 3: In the absence of treatment, how do health outcomes of mothers who meet various criteria for GDM and their offspring compare to those who do not meet the various criteria? Key Question 4: Does treatment modify the health outcomes of mothers who meet various criteria for GDM and their offspring? Key Question 5: What are the harms of treating GDM and do they vary by diagnostic approach?


What to Eat with Gestational Diabetes: 9 Very Simple Ways to Eat and Maintain a Healthy Diet During Your Pregnancy

Are you confused about what types of foods you should eat with gestational diabetes? Each expectant mother recognizes that her nutrition is key in ensuring her good health and that of her growing baby. However, for those just finding out they have GDM, what you eat and drink becomes even more important.

“What to Eat with Gestational Diabetes” includes simple and to the point advice, as well as tips for healthy eating to help you successfully kick start and maintain a nutritious diet throughout your pregnancy.

In our wellness-nutrition guide you’ll learn:

– What 6 foods can help you get control of your sugar levels.

– What types of food for gestational diabetes you should eat to avoid weight gain.

– Which low-calorie sweeteners are safest to eat with your diet.

– Are fast foods really safe to eat as part of your meal plan?

– How to finally put an end to all the guesswork involved in daily carb counting in your gestational diabetes meal plan.

– Which to eat and just how much? So what’s the real deal on eating fruits with GDM?

– The good, the bad and the downright unhealthy! Which types of fats you should include and avoid in your diet.

– Give hunger pangs the big kiss off! What types of healthy snacks for gestational diabetes you can eat without affecting your sugar levels.

– So you’ve given birth to a beautiful healthy baby……so what about your meal plans now?

What’s more, we’ve included over 30 creative recipes that are quick and easy to do, don’t require lots exotic expensive ingredients and that all the family can enjoy. And while these recipes are low in carbs, they’re certainly not low on taste!

So if you’re a health conscious woman looking to have the healthiest pregnancy possible and want take control of your GDM, buy “What to Eat with Gestational Diabetes” today at this super low price for a limited time only.


The Easyhealth Gestational Diabetes Meal Planner

Looking for healthy meal planning ideas for your gestational diabetes diet? The Easyhealth Gestational Diabetes Meal Planner takes the work out of following your health care provider’s dietary advice!
*Meal plans show you exactly what to eat for 1800 calorie, 2000 calorie and 2200 calorie gestational diabetes diets.
*Shows you exactly how much carbohydrate you need at each meal to help control glucose levels.
*Includes a do-it-yourself meal planning “template” you can use when you want to develop your own menus.
*Family friendly menus help you get meals on the table fast.
*Meals include familiar foods and don’t require any special ingredients.
*No time-consuming recipes to follow.
*Use it as a meal-planning resource after you get your health provider’s input on how many calories you need.
*Diabetes educator approved!
Easyhealth Nutrition with over 20 years experience providing diet and diabetes education to all ages. Get your physician’s recommendation on which calorie level is right for you, then let our expertise and knowledge help guide you to success!


DEFEATING GESTATIONAL DIABETES: 5 Things You Need To Know About Gestational Diabetes And What You Need To Do To Defend Yourself Against It (The Pregnancy Success Series)


The Pregnancy Success Series: 4

Inside this volume, Lily both
reviews and reveals the common
and uncommonly known causes of
gestational diabetes, and how to
cope, manage or eliminate it altogether.

Discover both time tested remedies
and newly discovered strategies to
eliminate the potentially debilitating
affects of this common ailment among pregnant

This hold you by the hand, step by
step guide will help lead you on the
path to your own personal joy, relief
and ensure a healthy stress pregnancy
using simple, time-tested techniques.

Discover the secrets inside!


Managing Gestational Diabetes: A Patient’s Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy

This booklet is part of the NICHD’s research portfolio in women’s health. The information is intended for women who have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that only pregnant women get. The booklet explains gestational diabetes, its causes, and its symptoms. It also provides a general treatment plan for the condition that patients and health care professionals can use to set up a treatment regimen that addresses the woman’s specific needs.


Cutoff value of Glucose Challenge Test for Screening GDM: Cutoff value of glucose challenge test for screening gestational diabetes mellitus in a Bangladeshi population

This study aimed to investigate the cut-off value of glucose challenge test (GCT) for screening Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in a Bangladeshi population. A total of 224 Bangladeshi pregnant women who underwent a GCT were prospectively investigated. GCT was performed between 24 to 28 weeks of gestation. Women demonstrating GCT exceeding 130 mg/dl (>7.2mmol/l) received a 75 g, 2 hr oral glucose tolerance test to determine whether or not they had GDM. Twenty three (10.3%) women were diagnosed to have GDM. The receiver-operator characteristics curve identified a GCT finding above 174 mg/dl as the cut-off value for detecting GDM, which showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of 35%, 90%, 80% and 68% respectively. Based on PPV and NPV, our data suggest that 1 hr-50g GCT is a feasible and acceptable screening test and a cut-off value of 174 mg/dl, as the post-challenge serum glucose, may be appropriate for screening GDM in Bangladeshi population by this test.


The Official Patient’s Sourcebook on Gestational Diabetes

This book has been created for patients who have decided to make education and research an integral part of the treatment process. Although it also gives information useful to doctors, caregivers and other health professionals, it tells patients where and how to look for information covering virtually all topics related to gestational diabetes (also Glucose intolerance during pregnancy; Glucose intolerance of pregnancy), from the essentials to the most advanced areas of research. The title of this book includes the word official. This reflects the fact that the sourcebook draws from public, academic, government, and peer-reviewed research. Selected readings from various agencies are reproduced to give you some of the latest official information available to date on gestational diabetes. Given patients’ increasing sophistication in using the Internet, abundant references to reliable Internet-based resources are provided throughout this sourcebook. Where possible, guidance is provided on how to obtain free-of-charge, primary research results as well as more detailed information via the Internet. E-book and electronic versions of this sourcebook are fully interactive with each of the Internet sites mentioned (clicking on a hyperlink automatically opens your browser to the site indicated). Hard-copy users of this sourcebook can type cited Web addresses directly into their browsers to obtain access to the corresponding sites. In addition to extensive references accessible via the Internet, chapters include glossaries of technical or uncommon terms.


Gestational Diabetes Diet Edition- MENU ME!

Just discovered you have gestational diabetes? This book of gestational diabetes diet menus is designed to provide expectant mothers with a concise “quick-start” diet plan. Those with “borderline” blood glucose values will also benefit from the menus as an easy- to- follow guide to proper eating for diabetes prevention. Sample meal plans for gestational diabetes include 1800 calorie, 2000 calorie, and 2200 calorie levels. Total grams of carbohydrate are included for each meal and snack. Menus include easy to prepare meals using “everyday” foods eliminating the need for special recipes or ingredients and each calorie level has a total of three days of menu ideas. Also includes a template to help you learn to create your own menus and stay on track. Takes the guess-work out of following your doctor’s diabetes diet advice for a health pregnancy. Diabetes educator approved! BONUS: 20 snacks under 20 grams of carbohydrate!


Gestational Diabetes Diet Meal Plan and Recipes: Your Guide To Controlling Blood Sugars & Weight Gain

Your goal is a healthy pregnancy, period! When dealing with gestational diabetes many thoughts and emotions flow through your mind. The exhaustive search for diet and meal planning information is one that quite often is last on your list but it is just about the most critical to you and your baby’s health.
The statement that I hear most is….”Just Tell Me What To Eat”… This book is a complete guide to meal patterns for breakfast, lunch and snacks. These patterns will give you the choices and the plan you have been looking for. Then we have 14 weeks of dinner meal recipes, a total of over 90 recipes. These are complete with sides, nutritionals, recipes and grocery lists! And as a BONUS, I have included seven of my favorite desert recipes that are appropriate for gestational diabetes cravings.
If you want to find a book of do’s and don’ts this is not it. What this book contains is a direct resource to a diet meal plan with the essential meal patterns and recipes necessary to manage the condition of gestational diabetes. The nuts and bolts!
We have also included an introduction based on teaching you about your current condition of gestational diabetes and how to make your diet plan work the best way possible. We also added in an index that you can go to find a great recipe based on just what you are craving.
And the recipes are beef, chicken, turkey, pork, vegetarian and fish recipes with extensive variety! They are even adjusted to meet your needs – no more trying to figure out what to eat. Just get this and you will know.


“Diabetes, Type III (Gestational Diabetes Mellitus)”

Essence of Anesthesiology Practice makes it easy to formulate anesthesia plans through a consistent format and discussions of the problems, causes, comorbidities, and anesthesia implications for over 600 clinical topics. Drs. Fleisher and Roizen present a completely revised new edition that includes coverage of many new conditions, procedures, and drugs. Online access to the fully searchable text at means that you can get the information you need more easily and conveniently.

  • Easily formulate anesthesia plans through a consistent format that covers a single clinical topic on each page, with a review of its problems, causes, comorbidities, and anesthesia implications.
  • Get state-of-art, reliable coverage from an international team of experts who discuss common and rare conditions and how to manage them.
  • Understand the interactions of common drugs and alternative medicine so that you can develop anesthesia plans accordingly.
  • Access the fully searchable text online at
  • Quickly reference key information using the carefully templated text that highlights the most important anesthetic considerations in a consistent, user-friendly layout.
  • Stay current on the latest anesthetic implications in regards to coexisting diseases, procedures, drugs, and alternative and complementary therapies, including coverage of mitochondrial myopathy, atrial fibrillation ablation, awake craniotomy, stereotactic neurosurgery, neuroprotection, dexmedetomidine, and other hot topics.

Master the core knowledge of Anesthesia and overcome new factors in anesthetic care of patients with trusted reference in a high yield format


Healthy You, Healthy Baby: A Mother’s Guide to Gestational Diabetes by the Doctor’s Dietitian

Healthy You, Healthy Baby: A mother’s guide to gestational diabetes empowers women with the information they need to ensure that gestational diabetes will not adversely affect their pregnancy or baby in the future.

Health You, Healthy Baby diffuses the fear and concern women experience when diagnosed with gestational diabetes and inspires them to make life-affirming choices both for themselves and their children. It is simple, concise, and friendly, with beautiful photography, attractive format and reassuring vignettes.

Healthy You, Healthy Baby will give you information on:

• How to manage your food and specifics on how to balance your diet
• Checking your blood glucose levels and strategies for keeping them normal
• Helpful hints on supplements, exercise and lifestyle
• Tips on managing salty and sweet cravings

Don’t miss out on this cutting edge and first of a kind guidebook on gestational diabetes endorsed by the Harvard School of Public Health’s chair Michelle Williams.


The Quickest Way To Get Rid Of Diabetes: Get This Definitive Guide On Diabetes And Learn Information On Diabetes Types, Diabetes Cures, Signs Of Gestational … Diet Plan, Diabetes Exercise And More!

Figures from the American Diabetic Association show that diabetes is the fourth leading cause of death in the U.S, killing approximately 210000 persons every year. Medical and other related costs can soar over $100 billion a year!!

The good news is there is a great deal that you can do to help manage the condition at an early stage. Being informed truly is the best medicine. Learning as much as you can about your diabetes, how to control your blood sugar, complications and how to prevent them, can help you stay healthy. As always, be sure to consult your physician first before implementing or changing diet or exercise routines or taking any over the counter medications or nutritional supplements.

Diabetes is a serious condition. It is a chronic disorder of carbohydrates, fat and protein metabolism, characterized by fasting elevation of blood sugar level and a greatly increased risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and loss of nerve functions.

This handbook also includes:
Diabetes, The Other Silent Killer
Diabetes And Its Management
Diabetes And Your Feet
Diabetes Care: Diet And Exercising Habits Are A Must For Diabetics
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 – Symptoms, Causes And Treatment
Diabetes Symptoms: The Various Kinds Of Symptoms To Deal With
How To Stop Diabetes From Stealing Your Vision!
Frequently Asked Questions
Is Diabetes Linked To Nutrition?
…and more!


Optimal management of gestational diabetes mellitus.(OBSTETRICS)(Disease/Disorder overview): An article from: OB GYN News

This digital document is an article from OB GYN News, published by International Medical News Group on September 1, 2011. The length of the article is 3026 words. The page length shown above is based on a typical 300-word page. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Citation Details
Title: Optimal management of gestational diabetes mellitus.(OBSTETRICS)(Disease/Disorder overview)
Author: Thomas R. Moore
Publication: OB GYN News (Magazine/Journal)
Date: September 1, 2011
Publisher: International Medical News Group
Volume: 46 Issue: 9 Page: 24(2)

Article Type: Disease/Disorder overview

Distributed by Gale, a part of Cengage Learning


Diabetes and Pregnancy: Gestational Diabetes

Gestational (jes-stay-shuh-nal) diabetes is diabetes that a woman can develop during pregnancy. When you have diabetes, your body cannot use the sugars and starches (carbohydrates) it takes in as food to make energy. As a result, your body collects extra sugar in your blood.

We don’t know all the causes of gestational diabetes. Some—but not all—women with gestational diabetes are overweight before getting pregnant or have diabetes in the family. From 1 in 50 to 1 in 20 pregnant women has gestational diabetes. It is more common in Native American, Alaskan Native, Hispanic, Asian, and Black women, but it is found in White women, too.


Glyburide for gestational diabetes.(DRUGS, PREGNANCY, AND LACTATION): An article from: Internal Medicine News

This digital document is an article from Internal Medicine News, published by Thomson Gale on March 15, 2007. The length of the article is 799 words. The page length shown above is based on a typical 300-word page. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Digital Locker immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Citation Details
Title: Glyburide for gestational diabetes.(DRUGS, PREGNANCY, AND LACTATION)
Author: Gideon Koren
Publication: Internal Medicine News (Magazine/Journal)
Date: March 15, 2007
Publisher: Thomson Gale
Volume: 40 Issue: 6 Page: 26(1)

Distributed by Thomson Gale


American Dietetic Assocation Guide to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

While gestational diabetes is one of pregnancy’s most common complications, the associated risks for mothers with GDM and their children are startling. This new, comprehensive guide is a critical resource for health-care professionals, covering classifications, screening and diagnosis, MNT, medications and postpartum considerations, in addition to cultural competency that GDM treatment requires.


Diabetes Sourcebook: Basic Information About Insulin-Dependent and Noninsulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Gestational Diabetes, and Diabetic Complications Symptoms (Health Reference Series) by Bellenir, Karen published by Omnigraphics Inc Hardcover


A Look At Gestational Diabetes Including Symptoms, Diagnosis Such As Oral Glucose Tolerance Test, Management, Risk Factors For Mothers, And Risk … Hypoglycemia, Polycythemia, And More

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. An interesting read about Gestational Diabetes. You’ll read about Glucose, Insulin, High Blood Glucose, Folic Acid, Insulin Therapy, Anti-Diabetic Drugs, Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Hypoglycemia, Polycythemia, Latent Autoimmune Diabetes Of Adults, Caesarean Section, and much more.

Project Webster represents a new publishing paradigm, allowing disparate content sources to be curated into cohesive, relevant, and informative books. To date, this content has been curated from Wikipedia articles and images under Creative Commons licensing, although as Project Webster continues to increase in scope and dimension, more licensed and public domain content is being added. We believe books such as this represent a new and exciting lexicon in the sharing of human knowledge.


100-g glucose test finds more gestational diabetes.(Metabolic Disorders): An article from: Family Practice News

This digital document is an article from Family Practice News, published by Thomson Gale on August 1, 2007. The length of the article is 630 words. The page length shown above is based on a typical 300-word page. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Digital Locker immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Citation Details
Title: 100-g glucose test finds more gestational diabetes.(Metabolic Disorders)
Author: Mitchel L. Zoler
Publication: Family Practice News (Magazine/Journal)
Date: August 1, 2007
Publisher: Thomson Gale
Volume: 37 Issue: 15 Page: 16(1)

Distributed by Thomson Gale


Diabetes and Pregnancy: A Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy for Women with Type 1, Type 2, or Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes and Pregnancy is a comprehensive guide for women with Type 1, Type 2, or gestational diabetes. Combining and updating the content from both Diabetes and Pregnancy: What to Expect and Gestational Diabetes: What to Expect, this newly revised volume contains all the information needed for a woman to plan, conceive, and deliver a healthy baby. Meal planning, exercise, insulin therapy, and monitoring are covered. Other subjects related to pregnancy are also discussed, such as the different stages of an unborn baby’s development, what tests to expect during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and birth control.


The Healthy Diet to Fight Gestational Diabetes

Maintaining a healthy diet is important at all times, but it’s crucial when you’re pregnant especially with gestational diabetes.

If you’re afraid of the unknown, this straight-to-the-point book will help you understand which foods are suitable to eat, and which should be avoided, to benefit you and your unborn baby.


• Which foods are suitable (and how often you can eat them) to help you maintain blood sugar levels
• The type of food that helps to LOWER blood sugar levels
• Why the old adage of “eating for two” is not true
• How to make healthy, low fat, mouthwatering and budget-friendly meals, including packable lunch ideas
• The truth about protein – and how to get enough without even eating meat. Includes critical yet little-known advice for vegetarians
• ‘Free’ foods you can snack on whenever you wish (that won’t change your meal plans)
• Foods you must avoid during pregnancy to keep your baby out of danger
• The essential mineral that can help normalize the metabolism of blood sugar (and where you can find it)
• How to satisfy your sweet tooth (this food is sweeter than table sugar and better still, even recommended you eat!)
• Three things you can eat to decrease morning sickness – and a weird thing you can also DO!
• If you don’t have enough of this essential ingredient, it can lead to premature labor and other problems… so easy to miss, don’t take the risk
• Two magic vegetables that contain a substance that helps to LOWER blood-sugar levels
• The single vitamin that has shown in studies to be effective in the treatment of gestational diabetes
• One of the most tormenting things about having diabetes (of any type) is the guilt associated with eating carbs. At last… get the answer to whether you should increase or decrease your carbs, finally!

Knowledge is power, so if you want to feel great and put an end to worrying about what to consume while on a gestational diabetic diet, all you need to do is read this book, and choose the foods that you and your baby need. Then you’ll not only feel reassured, but you’ll also gain a sense of fulfilment, because you’ll know you’re helping your unborn baby – and that feeling is truly wonderful!


Diabetes Sourcebook: Basic Information About Insulin-Dependent and Noninsulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Gestational Diabetes, and Diabetic Complications Symptoms (Health Reference Series)


Overcoming Gestational Diabetes: (Causes, Treatment & Management).

Are You At Risk for Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy. But once you’ve had gestational diabetes, your chances are 2 in 3 that it will return in future pregnancies. In a few women, however, pregnancy uncovers type 1 or type 2 diabetes. It is hard to tell whether these women have gestational diabetes or have just started showing their diabetes during pregnancy.

These women will need to continue diabetes treatment after pregnancy.
Many women who have gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes years later. There seems to be a link between the tendency to have gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes both involve insulin resistance. Certain basic lifestyle changes may help prevent diabetes after gestational diabetes.Gestational diabetes is one of the most common pregnancy complications.

Learn about the factors that contribute to this condition and what you can do to lower your risk.You don’t have to suffer in silence.Gestational diabetes affects 4 percent of pregnancies.Knowing your risk for gestational diabetes can help you make better decisions about diet and exercise before and during your
pregnancy. Get your Copy Now.


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